Phyto-Sanitary Services

Phytosanitary Measures applied on Organic Exports

  1. Import permit : The exporter should get an import permit detailing phytosanitary requirements from the importing country.
  2. Issuance of phytosanitary certificate : Phytosanitary certification is done to ensure that all exported Plant and and Plant products are in conformity with the requirement of the importing country. Inspection and other related activities leading to issuance of phytosanitary certificates are carried out y KEPHIS plant inspectors.
  • Active growth inspections of plants destined for export

KEPHIS Plant inspectors normally visit commercial growers and farmers of various agricultural and horticultural crops during the active growing period. They ensure compliance with the phytosanitary requirements of the importing country on freedom from certain diseases or pests during the growing period and compliance to safe use of pesticides.

  • Inspection at exit/entry points

KEPHIS undertakes inspection of the plants and plant products at the points of entry/exit. Inspection of all material for export is done to ensure compliance to the recommended quality standards. It may be visual, microscopic or a combination of both on plants/plant products at airports, seaports, mail and border posts. Usually samples are inspected according to the type and volume of the commodity. Inspection levels are determined by the assessed risk of the commodity.
When inspecting at the exit/entry points, the following standard are checked:

  • Freedom from pests/pest damage
  • Freedom from diseases/disease damage
  • Maximum Residue Levels compliance
  • Has no physiological disorders
  • Properly graded (size, color, shape etc.)
  • Has no excessive moisture
  • Whole (No mechanical damage)
  • Packaging (clearly labelled, clean and well ventilated)


Biological Control Organisms
Importation of biological control agent of any nature is first vetted by the Kenya Standing Technical Committee for Imports and Exports (KSTCIE) chaired by the Director of Agriculture. KEPHIS Managing Director is the secretary of the committee. Plant inspectors from KEPHIS inspect the containment premises of biological control organisms and ensure strict adherence to import conditions as specified by KSTCIE.

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
Application of importation of genetically modified organism (GMOs), are considered by Kenya National Biosafety Committee (NBC) which draws experts from National Council of Science and Technology, Ministry of Agriculture, KEPHIS, local universities, environmental pressure groups, local and international research institutes. KEPHIS enforces the regulations and guidelines for safety in biotechnology as stipulated by the NBC.

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