The international exchange of germplasm and trade/movement of plants and plant products is crucial in the quest for adequate food production and supply. There being a need to ensure that foreign injurious pests, diseases and noxious weeds which do not exist in Kenya are not introduced in the country, Kenya has a very stringent plant introduction and certification procedures since the 1930s when the plant quarantine services were started in East Africa. Initially, Plant quarantine services were conducted under the Ministry of Agriculture. In 1996, a state corporation (Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service, KEPHIS) was established to vigilant for the Government, business sector, scientists and farmers on all matters related to plant health and quality control of agricultural inputs and produce. Through the activities of KEPHIS, the introduction of plant pests, diseases and noxious weed into Kenya is prevented or delayed. All phytosanitary measures are based on international standards as in the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) agreement on sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) regulations and guidelines. The Plant Protection Act (CAP 324), the suppression of Noxious weeks (Cap 325), and the Agricultural produce (Export) Act (Cap 319) provide the legal framework through which the authority carries out phytosanitary regulation service.

Plant protection services ensure that foreign injurious pests, diseases and noxious weeds which are no existent in Kenya are not introduced or spread when importing plant material into the country.

The operations of the Plant Protection Service department are undertaken at:

  1. Plant Health Clinics - KEPHIS Headquarters
  2. Plant Quarantine station - Muguga
  3. Grading and Inspection
  • Jomo Kenyatta International Airport
  • Moi International Airport
  • Mombasa Sea Port
  • Eldoret Airport
  • Border points